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A Quick Look at the
Pew Religious Knowledge Survey


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A Quick Look at the
Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life's
Religious Knowledge Survey

By Leonard D. Chan

On September 28, 2010, the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life released a report on their religious knowledge survey of Americans.

While the survey reveals many details about the relative religious knowledge and ignorance of different demographic groups, this article will only highlight a small portion of the Pew Forum's report and its possible larger meaning. Go to pewforum.org for the entire report.

Some of the Survey Questions and Results
The survey consisted of 32 main questions on religion and other questions used to categorize the respondents. The average number of correct answers out of 3,412 people surveyed was 16. Interesting enough atheists and agnostics answered 20.9 out of 32 questions correctly.

The questions pertaining to religion included a section that the report describes as World Religions (note that although the religions and topics in this section are practiced by millions of Americans, the survey creators chose to use the foreign sounding term World Religions for their report). Here is a brief summary of these questions and the responses.

Note that these are the questions from the report and not the ones used in the actual survey. The survey questions were slightly different with the multiple-choice options randomized for each person surveyed to avoid possible biases.

Is Ramadan the Islamic holy month, a Jewish day of atonement, or the Hindu festival of lights?
Islamic holy month 52% (correct answer)
A Jewish day of atonement 11%
Hindu festival of lights 7%
Don't know 30%

Do you happen to know the name of the holy book of Islam? (no options given)
Yes, the Koran 54%
Yes, the wrong answer 2%
No, don't know 40%

Which religion aims at nirvana, the state of being free from suffering? Buddhism, Hinduism, or Islam?
Buddhism 36% (answer that best fits)
Hinduism 16%
Islam 5%
Don't know 43%

Note that nirvana is a term that is also used in Hinduism and Jainism.

Is the Dalai Lama Buddhist, Hindu, Jewish, Catholic, or Mormon?
Buddhist 47% (correct answer)
Hindu 25%
Jewish 3%
Catholic 1%
Mormon 1%
Don't know 23%

In which religion are Vishnu and Shiva central figures? Hinduism, Islam, or Taoism?
Hinduism 38% (correct answer)
Islam 6%
Taoism 4%
Don't know 52%

What is the religion of most people in India? Hindu, Buddhist, Muslim, or Christian?
Hindu 62% (correct answer)
Buddhist 9%
Muslim 9%
Christian 3%
Don't know 16%

What is the religion of most people in Pakistan? Muslim, Hindu, Buddhist, or Christian?
Muslim 68% (correct answer)
Hindu 8%
Buddhist 2%
Christian 2%
Don't know 19%

What is the religion of most people in Indonesia? Muslim, Buddhist, Hindu, or Christian?
Muslim 27% (correct answer)
Buddhist 19%
Hindu 15%
Christian 4%
Don't know 34%

Who is the king of Gods in Greek mythology? Zeus, Apollo, or Mars?
Zeus 65% (correct answer)
Apollo 9%
Mars 1%
Don't know 25%

Comments in an
LA Times Article
On the Pew Report

(Link to Article)
Stephen Prothero, a professor of religion at Boston University, advisor on the survey, and author of Religious Literacy: What Every American Needs to Know - And Doesn't, is quoted in the LA Times as saying, "I think in general the survey confirms what I argued in the book, which is that we know almost nothing about our own religions and even less about the religions of other people."

The Rev. Adam Hamilton, a Methodist minister from Leawood, Kansas, and the author of When Christians Get it Wrong, says in that same LA Times article that, "I think that what happens for many Christians is, they accept their particular faith, they accept it to be true and they stop examining it. Consequently, because it's already accepted to be true, they don't examine other people's faiths. That, I think, is not healthy for a person of any faith."

Not having read Rev. Adam Hamilton's book, it's hard to say whether his reason is sound or not. However, the survey did ask the respondents about the frequency with which they read books and or websites on religions and the numbers seem to validate part of Rev. Hamilton's conjecture.

For those that claimed affiliation with a religion, they were asked if they read other books or visited websites about other religions
More than once a week 3%
Once a week 3%
Once or twice a month 8%
A few times a year 15%
Seldom, never, or don't know 71%

For those that claim no affiliation with a religion, they were asked if they read books or visit websites about religion
More than once a week 4%
Once a week 3%
Once or twice a month 9%
A few times a year 14%
Seldom, never, or don't know 70%

Editorial Conclusion
Whatever the reasons, a large percentage of people are not making the effort to learn about other religions. Even if one is set in their beliefs, it is important to know and learn about other religions, cultures, and history. That is part of the reason for Asian American Curriculum Projects' existence and most likely part of why you are reading this article.

Much research in psychology has and is being done on why we believe in what we believe. In preparation and research for this article, I found some interesting topics in psychology. One was on "Confirmation Bias" and another on a sub-topic called "Belief Perseverance." Both areas of research show how we hang on to our beliefs and avoid learning or fail to accept other points of view. Perhaps this is in large measure why our politics and disagreements are so antagonistic.

The research that I read seems to indicate that it is not enough to try to be unbiased. We must make a conscious effort to learn other points of view. Have a look at a Journal of Personality and Social Psychology article on Considering the Opposite.

Additional Sites of Interest
Asian-Nation.org's Asian American Religion Demographics
Wikipedia Demographics on Religion in the United States
• Wikipedia on
   - Buddhism
   - Hinduism
   - Islam
   - Sikhism

Editor's Notes

Hello Everyone,

There's less than a month to go before the start of National Novel Writing Month. If you always wanted to write a novel, I highly recommend that you take up this interesting month long writing challenge. You can read about it in our prior newsletter articles My Novel Experience and Lightning Strikes Twice or by going to the event organizer's website NaNoWriMo.org.

I don't think I'll be participating this year - I think it takes me a few years to have enough material (in my head :) and a good enough idea to do this challenge. If you decide to do it, let me know and I'll cheer you on and perhaps give you some pointers. Hey, if one of you wants to tag team a book with me, I might go for that too. Just don't expect a lot of quality on my part.

There is a really interesting conference this Saturday at Mission High School in San Francisco called Teachers for Social Justice. It's a free conference with lots of workshops. Go to the Teacher's for Social Justice website for more information and to register.

One last thing - it's not about winning and losing, it's about trying to build a better community through participation and involvement. Don't sit back and complain. Start helping by participating in Make a Difference Day and by voting.

That's all for now. Have a Happy Autumn!

Leonard Chan
Executive Editor

Up Coming Events

Here are some events that AACP will soon be attending.
Events that AACP will be Attending or Hosting
DateEventLocation
Oct. 9
9-5pm
10th Annual Teachers for Social Justice Conference
San Francisco, CA
Nov. 12-15 CA Lib. Assoc. and CA School Lib. Assoc. Annual Conference Sacramento Convention Center
Sacramento, CA
Other Event of Interest that AACP May Not Attend
Nov. 1-30 National Novel Writing Month In Your Home
Nov. 3-6 Nat. Assoc. for Multicultural Ed. (NAME) 2010 Conference Rio All-Suite Hotel
Las Vegas, NV
Nov. 13 National Pacific Islander Educator Network (NPIEN)
9th Annual Education Conference

Artesia High School
Lakewood, CA
Dec. 11 San Francisco Parol Lantern Festival
San Francisco, CA

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ADDITIONS TO OUR WEBSITE

The following books are discounted for subscribers to our newsletter. The discounts on these books end October 21, 2010.

Maneki Neko
The Tale of the Beckoning Cat

By Susan Lendroth
Illustrator Kathryn Otoshi
2010, 30 pages, Hardback.

When a poor Japanese monk takes in a stray cat, good fortune is bestowed to the monk and the town people when the cat's beckoning gesture saves a passing samurai's life. Maneki Neko is a wonderfully written and illustrated book based on a traditional Japanese folktale.

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Behind the Mask

By Yangsook Choi
2006, 40 pages, Hardback.

Two to three weeks for delivery.

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A Banquet for Hungry Ghosts
A Collection of Deliciously
Frightening Tales

By Ying Chang Compestine
Illustrated by Coleman Polhemus
2009, 180 pages, Hardback.

Two to three weeks for delivery.

Here's a book perfect for Halloween and cold dark autumn nights - ghost stories with a Chinese "flavor." As in most of author Ying Chang Compestine other books, this collection of eight short stories includes food as a key element to their plot. Recipes are also added at the end of each story to satiate readers and any hungry ghost that may be lurking.

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ORDER -- Item #3621, Price $16.99 ... for newsletter subscribers $13.59

Canton Footprints
Sacramento's Chinese Legacy

By Philip P. Choy
2007, 158 pages, Paperback.

If you're a fan of the Images of America series of books, on communities throughout the United States, you'll like Canton Footprints even more. Renowned historian Philip Choy does an excellent job of telling both the history of Sacramento's Chinatown and also the back story of the historical migration of Cantonese Chinese to California.

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ORDER -- Item #3620, Price $20.00 ... for newsletter subscribers $16.00


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